Today I got a new Linux VPS, therefore I decided to show you all the steps I took to migrate to my WordPress site to the new server.

So let's get started.

Firstly, it is always good practice to update the OS.

apt update

apt upgrade

Install apache2

apt install apache2

Install php7.3. By default, version 7.3 will not be detected. The repository PPA must be added. You might need the first command if the "add-apt-repository" is not available.

apt install software-properties-common

add-apt-repository ppa:ondrej/apache2

apt-get install php7.3

You should see the Apache2 default site if you enter the IP address in your browser:

Now enable the MySQL extension in the PHP config file:

nano /etc/php/7.3/apache2/php.ini

Remove the comment (semicolon) at extension=pdo_mysql. You can search with CTRL+W in Nano GNU editor.

CTRL+X saves the file.

Now install php7.3-mysql

apt-get install php7.3-mysql

The root directory of your WordPress files can be created:

mkdir -p /var/www/website

Make a config file for Apache2 from the default config.

cp /etc/apache2/sites-available/000-default.conf /etc/apache2/sites-available/website.conf

Change the config file. ServerName and ServerAlias should be your site name along with the DocumentRoot.

I use https exclusively, check my tutorial if you want to know how it is done (I highly recommend using https): https://www.ajni.it/2019/06/claiming-a-free-ssl-certificate-for-your-website/

nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/website.conf

Enable the site:

a2ensite website.conf

Reload the service like advised.

service apache2 reload

Download the latest WordPress version from https://wordpress.org/latest.tar.gz.

Since I am doing a migration, I just unzipped the files from my backup.

cd /var/www/website

wget https://wordpress.org/latest.tar.gz -O wordpress.tar.zip && tar -xzvf wordpress.tar.zip

mv wordpress/* .

Install MySQL server

apt-get install mysql-server

Now create a new database and a user in MySQL. As root you don’t have to enter a password.

mysql -u root -p

CREATE DATABASE wordpress;

CREATE USER 'someusername'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'somepassword';

GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON wordpress . * TO 'someusername'@'localhost';

I have to import the WordPress database from backup:

mysql -u root -D wordpress < db_20-05-2020.db

exit

Now you can access the WordPress through a browser, you will be asked to enter a site name, username with a password, etc.

You might also need to enable URL rewriting for Permalinks.

a2enmod rewrite

Disabling the default site is also a good idea

a2dissite 000-default.conf

There are some other important things you should enable in order to secure your server properly.

nano /etc/apache2/apache2.conf

These lines will not advertise the Apache2 version, enforce TLS 1.2 and strong ciphers, while unsafe ones (like MD5) are discarded.

ServerTokens Prod

SSLProtocol TLSv1.2

SSLHonorCipherOrder On

SSLCipherSuite ECDH+AESGCM:ECDH+CHACHA20:DH+AESGCM:ECDH+AES256:DH+AES256:ECDH+AES128:DH+AES:RSA+AESGCM:RSA+AES:!aNULL:!MD5:!DSS:!AESCCM

service apache2 restart

That's it. If you have questions, just comment down here!